The Catalan Conflict

The Catalan Conflict


As a historical process the conflict between Catalonia and Spain can be compared to the Jura conflict (click here). Both are about the integration and self-determination of a dissatisfied minority, with its own identity (Catalonia, Jura), in its relationship to a unitary state (Spain, Bern). What is the minority dissatisfied with? Where does this discontent originate? How much independence is needed (autonomy, federalism, secession) and how is it practiced (nationalism, patriotism, democracy)?

The answers to these questions depend essentially on the respective understanding of ones own identity (we-image) in relation to the identity of the other (they-image), and this on both sides. Do the Catalans form their own nation or are they part of an exclusive Spanish nation? Is the nation imagined as a natural community (ethnos) or as a political and democratic community (demos)? Is the state seen as mononational or as plurinational? Is the state seen as unitarian or could it be imagined as a federation or confederation? And what about democracy in this state? Is a representative electoral democracy (RD) sufficient or is there a need for a democracy, where citizens actually can exercise their sovereignty (AD)?
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